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Teaching English in Germany: 12 Top Festivals and Cultural Highlights
Written by: International TEFL Academy
Last Updated: June 18, 2020
The reasons to live and teach English in Germany are many. From the outstanding landscapes of Bavaria and the beer halls of Munich to the historic monuments of Berlin and the charm of Heidelberg, Germany is a country rich with culture, history, and stunning natural beauty. If you seek to experience medieval castles, grand palaces, exquisite gardens, and picturesque villages, you will find it all in Germany.
For a firsthand perspective on teaching English in Germany, check out
Munich, Germany English Teaching Q and A with ITA Graduate Rebecca Myers
Located in the heart of Europe, Germany is surrounded by nine countries, which also makes it a great base for travel throughout the continent. As the largest and most prosperous economy in the European Union, Germany is also a major center of trade, industry, and finance. This has created large demand for English language instruction and trained English teachers. Living and teaching English in Germany provides a perfect opportunity to experience the nation's rich cultural heritage, including music, architecture, history and food. Here are some top festivals and other cultural highlights that you will surely want to experience while teaching English in Germany...
1. Great Beer!
Germany also is widely recognized as one of the world's great centers of beer brewing and drinking. The nation is home to more than 1,200 breweries, which produce dazzling variety of beers in the world. Since the 16th century, the German beer industry has been regulated by the “German Beer Purity Law.” Known as the Reinheitsgebot, the standards have traditionally limited ingredients in German beer to barley, water and hops (though some regional beers do include wheat). According to the World Health Organization, Germany, a country of 81 million of people, is one of the leading countries in beer consumption. Downing 110 liters per capita each year, Germans rank 3rd in the world in beer consumption behind only the Czech Republic and Ireland.
2. Beethoven in Bonn
Germany is also home to some of classical music's greatest composers, including Bach, Beethoven, Handel, Mendelssohn, Wagner and Strauss to name a few. Throughout the year great music can be heard in historic music halls, festivals and even street corners across the country. A certain highlight for classical music lovers is the annual “Beethoven Festival” held in September in the great composer's hometown of Bonn, which also served as the capital of the old West Germany during the Cold War.
3. Culture & History in Berlin
Berlin is a place of great history, but as the capital of a united Germany, it is also a city of constant reinvention and innovation in fields like fashion, music, art and design. Beer lovers will certainly look to attend the “Berlin International Beer Festival” in early August while history aficionados can explore key landmarks in German and European history like Checkpoint Charlie, the Berlin Wall, Holocaust Memorial, Bundestag and the Brandenburg Gate. For a breather, take a peaceful stroll through the Tiergarten Zoo, then enjoy some of the hundreds of art galleries and museums, before relaxing with a cup of coffee and a pastry. In evening enjoy some of Europe's most exciting nightlife in the city's innumerable nightclubs, bars, and restaurants!
4. Munich & Oktoberfest
Known for its grand cathedral, charming shops and the prowess of it legendary soccer team, FC Bayern Munich, Munich is a city of sophistication, culture, art, and of course, beer. Each year, thousands from around the globe flock to the city for the world's most famous beer festival, “Oktoberfest,” featuring fantastic music, food and course and nearly endless opportunities to sample beers from throughout Bavaria and Germany!
5. Frankfurt & the Museum Riverbank Festival
A city of contrasts, Frankfurt is the fast-paced business and financial center of Germany, and home to the highest concentration of skyscrapers in Europe in addition to the country's busiest airport. It also boasts centuries of tradition and history, including a rich heritage of well-maintained historic buildings concentrated in areas like Romer Square! In August, the city hosts the “Museum Riverbank Festival,” one of the biggest cultural festivals in Germany attracting more than 3 million visitors every year.
6. Hannover & the Fireworks Festival
If you want to add sparkles to your fairy travel tale, head to Hannover, a charming historical city known for its grand city hall, historic opera house and vast gardens that is also a major center of universities and scientific research and development. Annual highlights include the “Fireworks Festival” in September, which is actually a competition featuring elaborate fireworks displays in addition to music, food and other entertainment!
7. Hamburg's Port Festival
The second largest city in Germany, Hamburg is one of the busiest ports in the world and it boasts a distinct maritime history and charm is celebrated annually in May during the “Hamburg Port Anniversary: The World's Biggest Port Festival.” Festivities include a grand flotilla of historic ships sailing down the Elbe, historical exhibits, food, music, boat races and more!
8. Castles of Bavaria
Germany, and the region of Bavaria in particular, is littered with charming historic castles, but none is as famous as the Schloss Neuschwanstein Castle located in Hohenschwangau Village at the foot of the Bavarian Alps. Built in its current form in the 19th century (the original structure dated to the 12th century), the castle was the childhood home of King Ludwig II of Bavaria and is considered one of the most beautiful and recognizable castles in Germany, if not the world. It is also widely believed that the castle served as a primary inspiration for Disney's Magic Kingdom as well as the setting for many Disney fairytales.
9. Nightlife in Dusseldorf
Dusseldorf is one of the wealthiest cities in Germany. Located on the Rhine, it enjoys a reputation for offering some of the best nightlife in Germany. The action is concentrated in the Alstadt district, which is known as the "longest bar in the world" for the 300+ bars and taverns that line the streets of the "Old Town"! Here you can enjoy a traditional Altbier ("old beer"), which is brewed from a traditional local recipe, as well as other local and regional food and drinks. In the autumn, hit the “Alstadt Autumn Festival” featuring an array of experimental art and music.
10. Medieval Festivals in Rothenberg
Immerse yourself in the Middle Ages and discover why Rothenburg enjoys a reputation as the best preserved medieval old town in Germany while attending the Der Meistertrunk festival. Held in May on Pentecost (the seventh Sunday after Easter) this lively four-day festival celebrates the town's salvation from a 17th-century siege with all sorts of medieval flair and pageantry. This unique festival includes a medieval parade along the city's famous cobblestone streets and many citizens and visitors dress in medieval costumes to attend parties and performances in the Biergartens. The focal point is a reenactment of the legend of Mayor Nusch who in 1631 during the Thirty Years War saved the town by drinking three liters of wine in a single gulp (and you think you learned how to drink in college?!).
11. Carnival in Cologne
There's a very special reason while “Carnival in Cologne" takes spot number 11 on this list. One of the most famous festivals in all Germany, this kick-off to the Carnival Season opens each year at 11 minutes past 11 o'clock of the 11th day of the 11 month of every year. The serious Carnival celebrations don't really kick in in earnest until after the Christmas season in January, when bars, restaurants and private citizens hold a myriad of events and parties that culminate with the Rose Parade held on the Monday before Ash Wednesday. During the week leading up to Fat Tuesday and the beginning of Lent, Cologne, one of the most beautiful and charming towns in Germany, hosts street festivals that rival festivities anywhere else, including New Orleans and Rio de Janeiro.
12. Christmas Markets
There is always a reason to hold a festival and celebrate in Germany, but Christmas is the biggest festivity of the year, hands-down. While Americans often spend much of their holiday season shopping and eating in modern malls and shopping centers, German Christmas festivities focus largely around the traditional Christmas markets that can be found in Dresden and around the country. Festooned with colorful lights, decorated trees and life-size nativity scenes, German Christmas markets, known as Christkindelmarkt, typically incorporate dozens, if not hundreds of stalls selling traditional handicrafts and Christmas treats like freshly roasted chestnuts, gingerbread, hot pretzels, sausages and hot wine.
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