Modern and prosperous, the state of Qatar occupies the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Qatar is an oil- and gas-rich nation, with the third largest gas reserves and the first or second highest GDP per capita in the world. It is also home to Al Jazeera television, while also playing host to a major U.S. military presence. The country also contains evocative aban rock carvings dating back thousands of years. Visitors will marvel at “Palm Tree Island,” a feat of environmental architecture and modern engineering that lies outside the capital city of Doha in the warm Gulf waters.